How Tos

How to Contribute to Open Source Projects on GitHub

How to Contribute to Open Source Projects on GitHub
Image Credit - GeeksforGeeks

The vast landscape of GitHub holds an incredible collection of code, fueling innovation and collaboration across the globe. But beyond simply using projects, there’s a hidden gem: the opportunity to contribute, becoming a part of this vibrant community and leaving your mark on the digital world.

Sound exciting? Whether you’re a seasoned developer or a curious newcomer, this guide will equip you with the knowledge and tools to confidently step into the world of open source contribution.

Why Contribute? More Than Just Code:

Contributing to open source goes beyond technical prowess. It’s about:

  • Learning and Growth: Immerse yourself in diverse projects, hone your skills, and gain valuable real-world experience.
  • Networking and Community: Connect with developers worldwide, participate in discussions, and build your network.
  • Giving Back: Be a part of something bigger, contribute to projects you care about, and make a positive impact.
  • Career Opportunities: Showcase your skills and dedication, potentially attracting future employers who value open source involvement.

Finding Your Perfect Project:

With millions of repositories, choosing the right one can be daunting. Here’s how:

  • Start with your interests: Explore projects related to your skills or passions, making the contribution journey more engaging.
  • Begin small: Look for “good first issue” labels, indicating beginner-friendly tasks. Platforms like Up for Grabs and First Contributions can help.
  • Read the contributing guidelines: Every project has its own expectations and workflow. Respecting them ensures a smooth contribution process.
  • Community matters: Check the project’s activity level, communication channels, and overall culture to find a welcoming environment.
How to Contribute to Open Source Projects on GitHub
Image Credit | Build5Nines

The GitHub Workflow: From Fork to Merge:

Ready to dive in? Let’s break down the essential steps:

  1. Fork the repository: This creates your own copy where you can experiment without affecting the original code.
  2. Clone the fork: Download the project to your local machine for editing.
  3. Create a branch: This isolates your changes from your main fork, allowing for easy version control.
  4. Make your changes: Fix bugs, write new features, or contribute in ways the project guidelines outline.
  5. Commit your changes: Group your edits with meaningful messages explaining what you’ve done.
  6. Push your changes to your fork: Upload your work back to your online repository.
  7. Open a pull request: This proposes your changes for review and potential merging into the main project.
  8. Respond to feedback: Be open to suggestions and iterate on your contribution based on reviewer comments.
  9. Celebrate your merge! Once your contribution is accepted, it becomes part of the project’s history, forever linked to your name.
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Beyond Coding: Diverse Contribution Paths:

While coding often takes center stage, open source thrives on various contributions:

  • Documentation: Improve existing guides or write new ones, making projects more accessible.
  • Testing: Help identify and fix bugs, ensuring the project’s quality and stability.
  • Translation: Make projects multilingual, expanding their reach and impact.
  • Event participation: Attend online or offline meetups, share your knowledge, and contribute to the community spirit.


  • Start small and gradually increase your involvement.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask questions and seek help.
  • Be respectful and collaborative, fostering a positive community experience.
  • Celebrate your contributions, big or small!

Contributing to open source is a rewarding journey. By taking these steps and embracing the spirit of collaboration, you’ll not only enhance your skills and network, but also become a valuable part of the incredible ecosystem that drives innovation forward. So, what are you waiting for? Start your open source adventure today!


About the author

Ade Blessing

Ade Blessing is a professional content writer. As a writer, he specializes in translating complex technical details into simple, engaging prose for end-user and developer documentation. His ability to break down intricate concepts and processes into easy-to-grasp narratives quickly set him apart.

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